|Co. C 1st USSS personal rifle ID'ed
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|Author:||Bill Skillman [ Mon Dec 31, 2012 11:43 pm ]|
|Post subject:||Co. C 1st USSS personal rifle ID'ed|
I was looking for the Sept 1861 Detroit Times article that described the special order Sharps target rifles that were initially proposed for Berdan's regiments when I discovered this fascinating article that appears in the Ypsilanti Gleanings website. Entitled "An Old Girl Comes Home" (http://ypsigleanings.aadl.org/taxonomy/term/568?page=4) it describes author Lyle McDermott's purchase of an old rifle and subsequent research as to the owner. I have included a short summary below:
Near the end of 2009 I was scanning the listings of a large firearms auction that was going to be held in Marshall, Michigan. I was looking for antique Winchesters and Colt single action revolvers. Halfway through the list, an offering that I normally would not have much interest in jumped off the page. It was an 1850’s cap and ball, half stock, “Plains Rifle” (long range hunting rifle). It was a black powder muzzle loader with a rifled 34” Heavy octagon barrel in .44 caliber with a buckhorn style open sight with eight adjustments for distance. It was marked B.D. Schofield - Ypsilanti in two locations; one on the top of the barrel (see photo) and one on the lock face in front of the hammer. That’s when my research began….
The first step was finding the earliest Ypsilanti city directory in the archives collection at the Ypsilanti Historical Museum. The 1860-61 Directory lists only a Benjamin D. Schofield, 33 years old, residing on “the north side of East Cross Street/gunsmith. The 1860 US Census lists: Ward 4 Ypsilanti. In 1860 there wasn’t home delivery of mail so house numbers were non-existent. It’s possible his shop could have been on the North side of the street in Depot town with living quarters upstairs or a house up East Cross with a shop out back.
I was lucky enough at the auction to snag the “old girl” for a fair price when the man bidding against me quit just before I did. Thank goodness he did. It would have been difficult to let a gun made in Ypsilanti in the 1850’s go to another bidder.
When I returned to the archives I proudly showed my colleagues my new find. I set about, after photographing the gun, to find out more about Benjamin David Schofield. I discovered that he was born in 1827 in Ohio, married one Sarah (Thayer) in 1848 in Ypsilanti. He lived and worked in Ypsilanti until sometime in early 1861 when he moved to Marshall, Michigan with his wife and three children.
Here the story starts getting very interesting. Information from the 1880 edition of Michigan in the Civil War by J. Robertson indicates that “…On August 21, 1861 Benjamin D. Schofield was mustered into Company “C” First Regiment of Berdans’ Sharpshooters…Michigan was to raise three companies, of 100 men each, for the 1st Regiment…In the selection of its membership it underwent a most severe test of marksmanship. The result of this test was the selection of a hundred of the best marksmen in Michigan. The company was armed with rifles chosen by each member respectively, being of various makes and sizes of the common hunting rifle in use in the west at the time.
After the War Benjamin Schofield returned to Marshall, Michigan and in 1870 lived northeast of Marshall. In 1880 he and his wife were living in Handy, Livingston County, Michigan and that same year he and his wife moved to Fargo, Dakota Territory. In Fargo he opened a gun shop and sporting goods business. He joined the local GAR (Grand Army of the Republic, John F. Reynolds Lodge #5 for veterans of the Civil War). Benjamin died in Fargo in 1906. His son Charles stayed near Marshall, Michigan.
The gun is speculated to have traveled with him to qualify and then for the first few months of the Civil War. This gun meets all the qualifications to have been used by Benjamin for qualification and use until the breech loading Sharps Rifles, specially made to Berdans' specifications, could be procured. Having firearms of different calibers made for a supply nightmare until an official firearm was issued.
It is probable this rifle was used personally by Benjamin for a number of years before the War. One son remained in the Marshall area after 1880 so the surfacing of this firearm in the Marshall area leaves the door open that the firearm belonged to and was used personally by Benjamin David Schofield.
Al Rudisill recently visited family members in Minnesota and North Dakota and planned to make a stop in Fargo, North Dakota. Since our research revealed that Benjamin Schofield was buried in Riverside Cemetery in Fargo we asked him to stop by the cemetery to see if he could locate the grave site. He indicated that at first he was only able to locate a “Schofield” family stone. However, after prodding several areas around the family stone he was able to locate the gravestone for Benjamin as well as his wife Sarah under four inches of sod.
Today, “the old girl” (as men used to call their guns during this period) has finally come home to Ypsilanti. We hope to have it ready for display in the Ypsilanti Historical Society museum later in 2010. Our research continues.
(Lyle McDermott is a regular volunteer in the Ypsilanti Archives and regularly assists Archive visitors with research on local people and places. George Ridenour, Archives Assistant Director assisted with the research on this article.)
A link to the Historical Society newsletter where the 'Old Girl' article appears can be found with this link: http://www.ypsilantihistoricalsociety.o ... er2010.pdf
Happy New Year!
Hudson Squad Mess
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